Någonstans i Sverige-Helikopter 9

 

Historia och utprovning:

Det tyska företaget Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm,idag del av Eurocopter började utveckla under mitten av 60-talet  en lätt smidig och mångsidig helikopter för att lösa lätt transport, och pansarvärnsbekämpningsförmåga. Helikopter flögs första gången 1967 och serieproduktionen startade 1970 och kom att vara till 2001, då över 1400 exemplar hade tillverkats och levereras .

Behovet av vapenbärande helikoptrar hade diskuterats i Sverige under många år ,då speciellt i pansarbekämpningsrollen i Norrland men även en lätt smidig flygräddningsmaskin för flygvapnet. Flertal tester hade genomförts på flera typer b.la Hkp 2, 3 och 6. År 1983 kom FMV att  testa flera olika PV-helikoptrar  och efter hårda prov kvarstod BO105 och AS 355 som slutkandidater. BO105 visade sig vara den mest lämpade modellen pga pris och prestanda samt leveranstid.

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En dansk AS 550 Fennec, vidareutvecklad version av AS 355 med SAAB HeliTOW.

Anskaffning och nyttjande:

Året därpå 1984 skrev Sverige kontrakt på att köpa 21 stycken BO105  av typen CB3 och kom att pga höga beställningar från flertal nationer levereras mellan 1987 och 1988 och fick betäckningen Hkp 9A ,dock kunde man 1985 anskaffa 4 st helikoptrar till flygvapnet för att ersätta de föråldrade Hkp2 i flygvapnets tjänst, dessa fick benämningen Hkp 9B.

Hkp 9A  organiserades i två kompanier med 10 individer vardera. I Boden vid AF 1 för att kunna verka mot en  angripare över gränsen mot Finland, I Linköping  vid AF 2 för att verka mot landstigande eller luftlandsatt fiende. Helikoptrarna verkade på extremt låg höjd och anföll fientligt pansar i känd terräng från förberedda eldställningar. Efter eldöppnande bytte man eldställning. Räckvidden var 3.7 km för RBS 55H SAAB HeliTOW och helikoptern bar 4st robotar.

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Hkp 9B kom flygvapnet  att använde för lokal flygräddning och kom att placeras på Kungl Västgöta flygflottilj F 6 och Kungl Skaraborgs flygflottilj F 7. Hkp 9B var en renodlad sjukvårdshelikopter utan beväpning och förlängd 25 cm för att få mer utrymme för  de två sjukvårds bårarna samt en monterad bärgning vinsch på utsidan av flygkroppen. Helikoptern blev aldrig populär pga sin storlek då man i en räddningshelikopter bör ha tillgång till en sjukvårdare eller läkare och en ytbärgare och vinchoperatör.

Förevisning:

Helikoptern kom att utgöra en central del i Arméns Vingar-uppvisningsgrupp i försvarsmakten där mycket skickliga piloter förevisade helikopterns manöverduglighet för åskådarna.

Haverier:

Den 11 september 2007 i Ryd,  kolliderade två st Hkp 9A med individnummer Y04 respektive Y10  i luften under en övning i transportflygning, varpå samtliga fyra personer ombord på omkommer. Helikoptrarna flög i rote och under en vänstersväng på ungefär 150 meters höjs hamnade de för nära varandra, varvid deras rotordiskar kolliderade. Efter kollisionen gick helikoptrarna sönder i luften och Y10 fattade eld. De slog ner med ungefär 40 meters avstånd. Inga tekniska fel kunde påvisas och kraftig kritik riktades mot försvarsmakten angående flygsäkerheten för helikopterverksamhet.

En Hkp 9B från F 6 Karlsborg med individnummer 94 totalhavererade den 12 november 1991 i samband med start från Töreboda vårdcentral på grund av fel på stjärtrotorn. Besättningen skadades lindrigt.

Avveckling och framtida försök:

Flygvapnet använde Hkp 9B  under en kort tid från 1985-1994 då de ersattes av Hkp 10 Super Puma. Arméns helikoptrar  kom att användas efter 2004 enbart för utbildning och transport av ekonomiska anledningar. Systemet kom att avvecklas  i sin helhet år 2009 då man ersatte systemet med Hkp 15A. Prov med SAAB HeliTOW för att bibehålla kompetens har gjorts men av ekonomiska anledningar inte anskaffats.

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